There are two types of kidney cancer:
- Renal cell cancer, which occurs inside the “meat” of the kidney. Renal cell cancer is a treacherous and often fetal disease.
- Transitional cell cancer, which occurs in the endothelial cells in the tubing of the renal pelvis, which eventually forms the ureter that connects the kidney to the bladder.
The American Cancer Society estimates that the lifetime risk of developing either form of kidney cancer is 1 in 63 (1.6 percent); however, the rate at which people develop kidney cancer has risen sharply since the late 1990s. This rise is due, at least in part, to the development of sophisticated CT scans that allow for earlier detection. The death rate for Kidney cancer has gone down slightly since the mid 1990s. North America has the highest incidence of kidney cancer.
The ACS also estimates that there will be 65,150 new cases of kidney cancer in the United States in 2013 (40,430 men and 24,720 women), and 13,680 deaths from kidney cancer (8,780 men and 4,900 women). These statistics include both renal cell carcinomas and traditional cell carcinomas of the renal pelvis.
Kidney Cancer Symptoms
- Blood in your urine, which can be completely clear (micro hematuria) or can color the urine from pink to dark brown (gross hematuria)
- Lump in your side, abdomen, or back
- A loss of appetite and/or significant weight loss
- Persistent pain in your side or back
- Intermittent fever that can lasts for weeks and isn’t related to a cold or flu
- Extreme fatigued for no good reason
Kidney Cancer Prevention
- Lower your stress level
- Stop smoking or using other tobacco products
- Switch to a diet that is 70-80 percent vegetables and fruit
- Stay lean — maintain a Body Mass Index of 25 or less
- Limit unhealthy fats (trans fats, saturated fats) and salt in your diet
- Maintain a low blood pressure
- Limit alcohol consumption to one drink per day
- Avoid exposure to environmental toxins at work and at home, particularly asbestos, cadmium, herbicides, pesticides, and organic solvents like benzene and trichloroethylene.
Evaluation for Kidney Cancer
Kidney Cancer Treatment
Localized (Nephron Sparing) Modalities
Surgical Approaches to Kidney Cancer
- Partial Nephrectomy
- Radical Nephrectomy