Although testicular cancer is extremely rare (7,500 to 8,000 men in the United States are diagnosed each year), it is the most prevalent type of cancer for American men between the ages of 15 and 35. For example, the American Cancer Society estimates that there will be 7,920 new cases of testicular cancer in 2013 and 370 testicular cancer deaths in 2013.
Testicular cancer is highly treatable disease (90+ percent cure rates, especially if the cancer is confined to the testicle). Even when the cancer has spread beyond the testicle, the cure rates are still very high (80+ percent).
Testicular Cancer Symptoms
- Noticeable bump, lump, or swelling of one or both testicles
- Pain or ache in the scrotum, lower abdomen, or low back
- Heavy feeling in the scrotum
Testicular Cancer Prevention
- Regular (monthly) self exams to look/feel for unusual lumps and bumps
Testicular Cancer Evaluation
- Patient History
- Physical Exam
- Blood tests for tumor markers: AFP, HcG, LH
- Testicular ultrasound
- Other imaging
Testicular Cancer Treatment
All cancer treatment depends upon the stage of the cancer at diagnosis — the lower the stage, the better the outcome. With testicular cancer, the overall survival rate five years after treatment is approximately 95 percent; however, the survival rate for stage I testicular cancer is essentially a 100% (if monitored properly). This fact underscores why early diagnosis and treatment is so important.
We highly encourage men with testicular cancer who wish to have families to go to a sperm bank and freeze several sperm samples to ensure that they will be able to father children after treatment.
If you or someone you know has symptoms that could be testicular cancer, please contact Choices in Health at 303-444-0840 for an appointment.